Genetic Resource Management
* Intensive evaluation of African germplasm resulted in the
identification of a few remarkably high yielding accessions
that could play a major role in oil palm crop improvement
programme in India. Explant samples were collected for
tissue culture of these valuable palms.
* Four dura palms, belonging to Guinea Bissau and Zambia,
with drought tolerance have been selected and are being
utilized in development of DxD and DxP crosses.
* Eight promising dura mother palms were selected from
commercial plantations of Maharastra and Andhra Pradesh and
11 germplasm were collected from Little Andaman plantations.
In total, 19 oil palm germplasm accessions were characterized
* Among DxD crosses, highest oil/bunch ratio was recorded in
dura palm no.49 in 240D x 281D cross (24.5%) followed by
dura palm no.6(23.9%). Eight palms in 240D x 281D and 14 in
80D x 281D crossed recorded oil to bunch ratio of more
* In case of DxP crosses, highest per cent oil/bunch ratio was
recorded in tenera hybrid 53D x 57D ( 25.64 %) closely followed
by 124D x 57P (25.4 %) which was significantly higher than
Deli x Nigeria (23.37 %) and Deli x Ghana (17.9 %) hybrids.
* Eight DxD hybrids were produced and supplied to Agricultural
Research Station, Pattukottai, Tamil Nadu. Eleven new oil palm
hybrids namely DOPR 41 to DOPR 51 were supplied to Agricultural
Research Station, Vijayarai, Andhra Pradesh of AICRP on Palms
pisifera was observed for the first time in India.
* Seed storage studies indicated that the fresh oil palm seeds
can be stored at constant room temperature of 230C for
60 days without losing viability and vigour.
* A set of chemicals and microorganisms capable of degrading the
lignin content of oil palm seed were identified.
* Studies on pollen storage indicated that diethyl ether and
n hexane are effective for storing oil palm pollen for 12
months and storage life was more or less same at -200C
and -500C and hence, -200C may be preferred on account
of cost involved.
Production System Management
* Fertigation at monthly intervals has significantly influenced the
FFB yield and bunches per palm during the third year of
application of treatments.
* Oil palm based cropping systems with heliconia, red ginger, bush
pepper, guinea grass and cocoa have been standardized
in adult oil palm plantations.
* Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System norms and
optimum leaf nutrient concentration ranges have been developed
for Karnataka and Goa States for routine diagnostic and
* A simple water extraction method was developed for estimation
of potassium concentration in oil palm leaf.
Physiology, Biochemistry and Post Harvest Technology
* Phenological growth studies in oil palm revealed that the
duration between unfolding of 70 per cent spear leaf to bunch
maturity in the hybrids ranged from 447.9 to 485.2 days and
the duration from anthesis to maturity ranged from 145.8
to 153.7 days.
* Use of spectroradiometer for oil palm was standardized to
detect potassium and magnesium deficiencies in oil palm.
* Height adjustable hydraulically elevated platform to reach up
to a height of 5 meters has been designed and developed for
harvesting FFB from tall palms.
* A low cost oil palm ablation tool was designed and developed.
* Studies on population dynamics of psychids indicated
that temperature above 450C was critical for the growth of the
pest. Studies on life stages of psychids indicated that the
pest could survive well at 280C temperature and 70 % RH.
* Experiment on bioefficacy studies of various new insecticides
revealed that Chlorantraniliprole gave best control of
psychids compared to other commonly used insecticides.
* Goriphous bunoh, Brachymeria spp. and Dolichogenidea
metesae were the major parasitoids of bag worm in oil palm
causing 39.2 % parasitism.
* Natural enemies like Apanteles hyposidrae parasitized the larvae
of webworm and Brachymeria albotibialis parasitized the pupa
of webworm during the pest activity.
Transfer of Technology
* Orientation training programmes on "Oil palm cultivation and
oil palm industry" were organized at
DOPR to the
of Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland of North
East region to motivate them to promote oil palm cultivation
in the region.
* Training programmes on various aspects of oil palm cultivation
were organized to officers and farmers belonging to Andhra
Pradesh,Odisha,Karnataka,Maharashtra,Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.
* Training programmes on 'Package of practices of oil palm and
FFB harvesting standards' 'Oil palm production technology' and
'Oil palm hybrid seed production' were organized to officers and
other development personnel involved in oil palm sector.
* Oil Palm Kisan Mobile Message Services in the form of text
messages as well as voice messages were sent to oil palm
growers belonging to Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh,
Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra,
Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland in four languages.
* Advanced oil palm parent materials (for Hybrid
Seed Production): Parental oil palm planting material was
supplied for establishment of three oil palm seed gardens
in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
* Commercialization of oil palm tissue culture Protocol:
IIOPR has successfully developed a methodology of oil palm
tissue culture using explants from mature palms. The technology
has been commercialized through AgrInnovate India Limited
and licensed to four companies, viz., M/s Bejo Sheetal
Bio-science foundation, Jalna, Maharashtra and M/s Vijaya phyto
Farms Pvt.Ltd, Hyderabad and M/s Sristi Agro Biotech Private
Limited, Kolkata and M/s Sheel Biotech Ltd., Haryana.
* Oil Palm Germplasm registration:
Registration of 52 indigenous oil palm germplasm accessions
from Pedavegi (IC-0610000 to IC-0610051) and 11 accessions
from Palode (IC-0599983 to IC-0599993) was completed and
accession numbers were received from NBPGR, New Delhi.
ICAR-Indian Institute of Oil Palm Research
Pedavegi, West Godavari Dt., Andhra Pradesh. 534 450.